The following are six main points that highlight the functions of a lawyer.
1) Representation of clients in court – especially when charges are leveled against the client by a third party such as the state or another person concerning crimes or criminal actions allegedly taken by the client. Otherwise, the lawyers draw up papers against an offender who is believed to have violated the rights of the client, and stands for the client in court.
2) Drafting of papers and doing legal research on behalf of the client – such as in the writing of briefs and research into relevant facts concerning a particular case. Most of the hard work is done by the lawyer, while the clients merely need to show their face.
3) Providing the client with legal advice concerning actions that need to be taken – also after due research into the law or constitution with regard to a particular situation at hand. The lawyer advises the client on what best course of action to take to best resolve the situation without running afoul of the law.
4) Procurement of patents and copyrights to protect the intellectual property of the client – especially with respect to business. An idea, a trade secret, or an important chemical formula all fall into this category. The lawyer goes to lengths to help the client formally register the products with the government or respective governing body to receive the highest level of protection under law.
5) Executing the last wishes of the deceased – such as a written will stating their precise desires in black and white, a trust, etc. The lawyer helps to see to it that these wishes are carried out to the letter.
6) Prosecution of criminal suspects in court – this is applicable if the lawyer is working for an arm of government, say the Police Department, the Department of Justice, or the District Attorney’s Office.