The national background check is a combination of the Federal Criminal Records Check, Bankruptcy Records Check, Federal Civil Records Check and the Federal Inmate Search. These checks are done on a state wise basis for all the states. To conduct a national background check it is essential to have the first and last name of the person on whom the check is done along with the name of the state. The search is much more accurate when a middle name, city name, and SSN number are included and can yield results that may include docket, offense and disposition information. State level background checks include checking the Criminal Records Repository, Corrections Records, Sex offender registry, and Wanted and Warrant information if any.
While national background checks services may result in producing more information as greater number of records are checked state background checks can save a lot of time in most cases. When the name of the person about whom the check is being done is fairly common, it will be a tedious and long drawn affair to track down his/her details. If the search can be done just by looking into state records the amount of work in the search is drastically cut down as it would be limited to a single state, or another one or two states if needed, as against fifty states in a national search. Moreover, criminal records are usually divided by state making a search easier through state websites. Even the National Criminal Records Database (NCRD) is divided in to 50 states and is used for background searches as a national criminal directory.
It must be remembered that all states do not allow public access to information available in statewide criminal records. Many states allow accessing records online while others require submission of permission requests through specific authorization forms that need filling in identification particulars of the person seeking the information that include particulars like full name, date of birth, address, SSN number and county of residence. Information gained through a statewide record system may not be complete on account of limited date ranges or due to the limited number of criminal courts and offences for which records are maintained. Information available against searches made under ‘offender’ and ‘inmate’ categories produce results related only to those individuals who were sentenced to the state prison. Many states allow free online access to SORs (State Offender Registries). However, the information under this registry is usually limited.
All criminal record checks include information of convictions, and many times, arrest information also. Checks of the state child abuse registry can reveal whether a person was named in any report, however, all states may not permit registry checks. In such cases the state child protective services agency can provide access information.
Criminal cases that are instituted by the federal government like those related to counterfeiting, bank robbery and kidnapping including other offences that occur on federal property could be searched through the relevant federal court district, as federal crimes will not appear in searches made in state or county court records.
National Wants and Warrants search is a nationwide report to determine if a person has any outstanding and extraditable wants or warrants, which are registered with the NCIC (National Crime Information Center). Usually this report includes those, which have been issued against commission of felony offenses of a more serious nature, or outstanding county warrants that are later elevated to nationwide level.